Sub- to Super-Poissonian crossover of current noise in helical edge states coupled to a spin impurity in a magnetic field

authored by
Benedikt Probst, Pauli Virtanen, Patrik Recher

Edge states of two-dimensional topological insulators are helical and single-particle backscattering is prohibited by time-reversal symmetry. In this work, we show that an isotropic exchange coupling of helical edge states (HES) to a spin 1/2 impurity subjected to a magnetic field results in characteristic backscattering current noise (BCN) as a function of bias voltage and tilt angle between the direction of the magnetic field and the quantization axis of the HES. In particular, we find transitions from sub-Poissonian (antibunching) to super-Poissonian (bunching) behavior as a direct consequence of the helicity of the edge state electrons. We use the method of full counting statistics within a master equation approach treating the exchange coupling between the spin-1/2 impurity and the HES perturbatively. We express the BCN via coincidence correlation functions of scattering processes between the HES which gives a precise interpretation of the Fano factor in terms of bunching and antibunching behavior of electron jump events. We also investigate the effect of electron-electron interactions in the HES in terms of the Tomonaga-Luttinger liquid theory.

External Organisation(s)
Technische Universität Braunschweig
University of Jyvaskyla
Laboratory for Emerging Nanometrology Braunschweig (LENA)
Physical Review B
Publication date
Publication status
Peer reviewed
ASJC Scopus subject areas
Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials, Condensed Matter Physics
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