Electron-Tunneling-Assisted Non-Abelian Braiding of Rotating Majorana Bound States

authored by
Sunghun Park, H. S. Sim, Patrik Recher

It has been argued that fluctuations of fermion parity are harmful for the demonstration of non-Abelian anyonic statistics. Here, we demonstrate a striking exception in which such fluctuations are actively used. We present a theory of coherent electron transport from a tunneling tip into a Corbino geometry Josephson junction where four Majorana bound states (MBSs) rotate. While the MBSs rotate, electron tunneling happens from the tip to one of the MBSs thereby changing the fermion parity of the MBSs. The tunneling events in combination with the rotation allow us to identify a novel braiding operator that does not commute with the braiding cycles in the absence of tunneling, revealing the non-Abelian nature of MBSs. The time-averaged tunneling current exhibits resonances as a function of the tip voltage with a period that is a direct consequence of the interference between the noncommuting braiding operations. Our work opens up a possibility for utilizing parity nonconserving processes to control non-Abelian states.

External Organisation(s)
Universidad Autónoma de Madrid
Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (KAIST)
Technische Universität Braunschweig
Physical review letters
Publication date
Publication status
Peer reviewed
ASJC Scopus subject areas
Physics and Astronomy(all)
Electronic version(s)
https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.125.187702 (Access: Unknown)