Quantum noise reduction in Advanced Virgo

authored by
Valeria Sequino

In order to detect the small distance variations induced by gravitational waves, very sensitive devices must be used. Gravitational wave detectors are sophisticated interferometers sensitive even to vacuum fluctuations. These latter are responsible for quantum noise. Due to the frequency-dependent response of gravitational wave interferometers, quantum noise manifests itself as radiation pressure noise for frequencies below 100 Hz, while as shot noise for higher frequencies. The solution that has been adopted in order to reduce quantum noise is the injection, through the interferometer output port, of vacuum states, called squeezed, whose amplitude and phase uncertainties are correlated. A frequency-independent squeezing technique, as a method for the reduction of the quantum noise, has been already demonstrated in long-arm interferometers. Radiation pressure noise does not limit the sensitivity of the present interferometers, being this completely covered by other noises. But, in the near future, these noises will be reduced and also this quantum noise component will be relevant. The adopted solution to have a broad-band quantum noise reduction is a frequency-dependent squeezing technique. In this paper the results obtained in Advanced Virgo using the frequency-independent squeezing technique will be shown. Moreover the conceptual design for the implementation of the frequency-dependent squeezing will be presented.

External Organisation(s)
Monte S. Angelo University Federico II
Physica scripta
Publication date
Publication status
Peer reviewed
ASJC Scopus subject areas
Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics, Mathematical Physics, Condensed Matter Physics, Physics and Astronomy(all)
Electronic version(s)
https://doi.org/10.1088/1402-4896/ac0d30 (Access: Closed)