Signatures of the Majorana spin in electrical transport through a Majorana nanowire

authored by
Alexander Schuray, Manuel Rammler, Patrik Recher

In this paper, we investigate the transport properties of spinful electrons tunnel coupled to a finite-length Majorana nanowire on one end which is further tunnel coupled to a quantum dot (QD) at the other end. Using a full counting statistics approach, we show that Andreev reflection can happen in two separate channels that can be associated with the two spin states of the tunneling electrons. In a low-energy model for the nanowire that is represented by two overlapping Majorana bound states (MBSs) localized at the ends of the wire, analytical formulas for conductance and noise reveal their crucial dependence on the spin-canting angle difference of the two MBSs in the absence of the QD if the spinful lead couples to both MBSs. We further investigate the influence of a finite temperature on the observation of the coupling to both MBSs. In the presence of the QD, the interference of different tunneling paths gives rise to Fano resonances and the symmetry of those provide decisive information about the coupling to both MBSs. We contrast the low-energy model with a tight-binding model of the Majorana nanowire and treat the Coulomb interaction on the QD with a self-consistent mean field approach. Using the scattering matrix approach, we thereby extend the transport results obtained in the low-energy model including also higher excited states in the nanowire.

External Organisation(s)
Technische Universität Braunschweig
Physical Review B
Publication date
Publication status
Peer reviewed
ASJC Scopus subject areas
Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials, Condensed Matter Physics
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