Optical Simulations

Bringing together the multitude of optical simulations in the diverse QuantumFrontiers research environment.


  • Networking on the topic of optical simulations, i.e. exchange on simulation tasks and methods, professional software and self-written algorithms, limitations and current work on pushing boundaries, on ways to improve precision and speed of an algorithm, and of course scientific findings.
  • Regular video conferences where members can introduce their work, used methods, obstacles in current tasks, and findings.


  • Optical simulations in a multitude of different backgrounds and applications.

Scientific Output

  • Publications
    Armano M, Audley H, Baird J, Binetruy P, Born M, Bortoluzzi D et al. Tilt-to-length coupling in LISA Pathfinder: A data analysis. Physical Review D. 2023 Nov 3;108(10):102003. doi: 10.1103/physrevd.108.102003
    Hartig MS, Schuster S, Heinzel G, Wanner G. Non-geometric tilt-to-length coupling in precision interferometry: mechanisms and analytical descriptions. Journal of Optics (United Kingdom). 2023 Mai;25(5):055601. Epub 2023 Apr 6. doi: 10.1088/2040-8986/acc3ac
    Hartig MS, Wanner G. Tilt-to-length coupling in LISA Pathfinder: Analytical modeling. Physical Review D. 2023 Jul 26;108(2):022008. doi: 10.48550/arXiv.2305.03667, 10.1103/PhysRevD.108.022008
    Zhao M, Tao Y, Weber K, Kaune T, Schuster S, Hao Z et al. Method Comparison for Simulating Non-Gaussian Beams and Diffraction for Precision Interferometry. Sensors. 2023 Nov 7;23(22):9024. doi: 10.3390/s23229024
    Armano M, Audley H, Baird J, Binetruy P, Born M, Bortoluzzi D et al. Sensor noise in LISA Pathfinder: An extensive in-flight review of the angular and longitudinal interferometric measurement system. Physical Review D. 2022 Okt 15;106(8):082001. doi: 10.1103/PhysRevD.106.082001
    Borchert MJ, Devlin JA, Erlewein SR, Fleck M, Harrington JA, Higuchi T et al. A 16-parts-per-trillion measurement of the antiproton-to-proton charge–mass ratio. NATURE. 2022 Jan 6;601(7891):53-57. Epub 2022 Jan 5. doi: 10.1038/s41586-021-04203-w
    Hao Z-X, Haase T, Jin H-B, Tao Y-Z, Wanner G, Wu R-X et al. Spot size estimation of flat-top beams in space-based gravitational wave detectors. International Journal of Modern Physics D. 2022 Dez 23;32(1):2250134. doi: 10.48550/arXiv.2210.00509, 10.1142/S0218271822501346
    Hartig M-S, Schuster S, Wanner G. Geometric tilt-to-length coupling in precision interferometry: mechanisms and analytical descriptions. Journal of Optics. 2022 Mai 5;24(6):065601. doi: 10.1088/2040-8986/ac675e
    Neto LS, Dickmann J, Kroker S. Deep learning assisted design of high reflectivity metamirrors. Optics express. 2022 Jan 3;30(2):986-994. doi: 10.1364/OE.446442
    Amaro-Seoane P, Bischof L, Carter JJ, Hartig MS, Wilken D. LION: Laser interferometer on the moon. Classical and quantum gravity. 2021 Jun;38(12):125008. Epub 2021 Mai 24. doi: 10.1088/1361-6382/abf441
    Cao X, Yang J, Li P, Zhang Y, Rugeramigabo EP, Brechtken B et al. Single photon emission from ODT passivated near-surface GaAs quantum dots. Applied physics letters. 2021 Jun 2;118(22):221107. doi: 10.1063/5.0046042
    Gebbe M, Siemß J-N, Gersemann M, Müntinga H, Herrmann S, Lämmerzahl C et al. Twin-lattice atom interferometry. Nature Communications. 2021 Mai 5;12(1):2544. doi: 10.1038/s41467-021-22823-8
    Hartig M-S. Approximation of Gaussian Curvature by the Angular Defect: An Error Analysis. MATHEMATICAL AND COMPUTATIONAL APPLICATIONS. 2021 Feb 9;26(1):15. doi: 10.3390/mca26010015
    Kermarrec G, Lösler M, Hartmann J. Analysis of the temporal correlations of TLS range observations from plane fitting residuals. ISPRS Journal of Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing. 2021 Jan;171:119-132. Epub 2020 Nov 26. doi: 10.15488/11164, 10.1016/j.isprsjprs.2020.10.012
    Kermarrec G, Hartmann J. Characterization of the optical encoder angular noise from terrestrial laser scanners. Optics express. 2021 Mai 24;29(11):17011-17022. Epub 2021 Mai 18. doi: 10.1364/OE.422735
    Lachmann MD, Ahlers H, Becker D, Dinkelaker AN, Grosse J, Hellmig O et al. Ultracold atom interferometry in space. Nature Communications. 2021 Dez;12(1):1317. Epub 2021 Feb 26. doi: 10.1038/s41467-021-21628-z
    Meshksar N, Mehmet M, Isleif KS, Heinzel G. Applying differential wave-front sensing and differential power sensing for simultaneous precise and wide-range test-mass rotation measurements. Sensors (Switzerland). 2021 Jan;21(1):164. Epub 2020 Dez 29. doi: 10.3390/s21010164
    Yang J, Zopf M, Li P, Sharma NL, Nie W, Benthin F et al. Limits for quantum networks with semiconductor entangled photon sources. 2021 Sep 14. Epub 2021 Sep 14. doi: 10.48550/arXiv.2109.06742
    Booker P, de Varona O, Steinke M, Weßels P, Neumann J, Kracht D. Experimental and numerical study of interlock requirements for high-power EYDFAs. Optics Express. 2020 Okt 12;28(21):31480-31486. doi: 10.1364/OE.405812
    Bruns F, Vyatchanin SP, Dickmann J, Glaser R, Heinert D, Nawrodt R et al. Thermal charge carrier driven noise in transmissive semiconductor optics. Physical Review D. 2020 Jul 15;102(2):022006. doi: 10.1103/PhysRevD.102.022006
    Evlyukhin AB, Matiushechkina M, Zenin VA, Heurs M, Chichkov B. Lightweight metasurface mirror of silicon nanospheres [Invited]. Optical materials express. 2020 Sep 30;10(10):2706-2716. doi: 10.1364/OME.409311, 10.15488/11391
    Hurtado CBR, Dickmann J, Bruns FF, Siefke T, Kroker S. Bound states in the continuum for optomechanical light control with dielectric metasurfaces. Optics express. 2020 Jul 6;28(14):20106-20116. Epub 2020 Jun 24. doi: 10.1364/OE.392782
    Kaseberg T, Siefke T, Kroker S, Bodermann B. Inverted plasmonic lens design for nanometrology applications. Measurement science and technology. 2020 Jul;31(7):074013. doi: 10.1088/1361-6501/ab7e6b
    Ulbricht S, Dickmann J, Müller RA, Kroker S, Surzhykov A. Gravitational light deflection in Earth-based laser cavity experiments. Physical Review D. 2020 Jun 15;101(12):121501. doi: 10.1103/PhysRevD.101.121501
    Weituschat LM, Dickmann W, Guimbao J, Ramos D, Kroker S, Postigo PA. Photonic and thermal modelling of microrings in silicon, diamond and GaN for temperature sensing. Nanomaterials. 2020 Mai;10(5):934. doi: 10.3390/nano10050934
    Yang J, Nawrath C, Keil R, Joos R, Zhang X, Höfer B et al. Quantum dot-based broadband optical antenna for efficient extraction of single photons in the telecom O-band. Optics express. 2020 Jun 22;28(13):19457-19468. Epub 2020 Jun 17. doi: 10.1364/OE.395367
    Yang J, Zopf M, Ding F. Strain tunable quantum dot based non-classical photon sources. Journal of Semiconductors. 2020 Jan;41(1):011901. doi: 10.1088/1674-4926/41/1/011901
    Cao X, Zopf M, Ding F. Telecom wavelength single photon sources. Journal of Semiconductors. 2019;40(7). doi: 10.1088/1674-4926/40/7/071901
    Dickmann W, Dickmann J, Bruns FF, Kroker S. Key signal contributions in photothermal deflection spectroscopy. Journal of applied physics. 2019 Jul 14;126(2):025106. doi: 10.1063/1.5098304
    Zopf M, Keil R, Chen Y, Yang J, Chen D, Ding F et al. Entanglement Swapping with Semiconductor-Generated Photons Violates Bell's Inequality. Physical review letters. 2019 Okt 18;123(16):160502. Epub 2019 Okt 14. doi: 10.15488/5545, 10.1103/PhysRevLett.123.160502

TG Members

  • Involved Members and their Relevant Expertise
    Members Institution Relevant Expertise
    Gudrun Wanner AEI Optical Simulations; Space based gravitational wave detection; Precision Interferometry
    Guido Müller AEI Gravitational wave detection (space-based and ground-based)
    Gerhard Heinzel AEI Laser Gradiometers; Optical Simulations
    Megha Dave AEI Optical simulations; Space-based gravitational wave detection; Diffraction; Optical Cross Talk
    Rodrigo García Álvarez AEI Optical simulations; Space-based gravitational wave detection; Imaging Optics
    Kevin Weber AEI Wavefront characterization; Effect of wavefront characteristics on space interferometry
    Tim Haase AEI Optical Simulations; IfoCAD; Source Code Management (Git/GitLab)
    Harald Lück AEI Next Generation Gravitational Wave Observatories; Sub-Standard Quantum Limit Interferometry
    David Wu AEI Ground based gravitational wave detectors; Sub-standard quantum limit interferometry; Optical simulations; Noise modelling
    Paul Hapke AEI 10m Prototype, Finesse, higher order modes in interferometers and their effect on control system error signals
    Vitali Müller AEI Laser Ranging Intererometry for Gravimetric Missions, GRACE Follow-On Data Analysis,  Optical Simulations
    Michèle Heurs AEI Sub-Standard Quantum Limit Interferometry; Non-classical Light; Interferometric Gravitational Wave Detection; Backaction-evading Techniques; Quantum Optomechanics
    Mariia Matiushechkina AEI Micro-optomechanical resonators; Scattering processes in metamaterial structure; Optical vortex beam
    Gael Kermarrec LUH / GIH Terrestrial Laser Scanner; atmospheric correlation;
    Boris Chichkov LUH / IQ Nanoscale Materials Processing
    Ernst M. Rasel LUH / IQ Quantum Gravimeters; Atom-Chip Based Gravimeters and Inertial Sensors
    Kai Frye LUH / IQ Ultracold atoms; Atom interferometry
    Naceur Gaaloul LUH / IQ Quantum Gases, Atom Interferometry; Inertial Sensing; Atom-Light Interactions
    Gabriel Müller LUH / IQ Atom Interferometry; Atom-Chip simulations; Atom-light interactions
    Stefan Seckmeyer LUH / IQ Atom Interferometry; Atom-Light Interactions; Wavefront Aberrations
    Fei Ding LUH / FKP semiconductor optical structures
    Jingzhong Yang LUH / FKP Nano- and Micro- structure simulation; optical simulation; Quantum optics; Semiconductor
    Dietmar Kracht LZH Advanced Light Sources; Precision Additive Manufacturing of Quantum Sensors; High power solid-state single frequency amplifiers
    Peter Weßels LZH Advanced Light Sources, Laser Development for next-generation GWDs
    Alexander Kuhl PTB Optical Clock Networks; Free-Space Frequency Transfer
    Daniele Nicolodi PTB  space based interferometric GW detectors; optical frequency combs; optical frequency stability transfer;   photonic ultra-stable microwave generation; optical lattice clocks; ultra-stable optical resonators
    Stefanie Kroker PTB / TUBS Waveguides and Waveguide Arrays, Optical and Optomechanical Metasurfaces, Machine Learning, Multiphysics Simulations, Multiscale Aspects 
    Anastasiia Sorokina TUBS Optical simulations, waveguides, light-outcoupling systems, optics for ion traps quantum computers
    Liam Shelling-Neto TUBS Metasurfaces, Machine Learning, Ultrafast Surface Dynamics, Electron Diffraction
    Vladislav Agluschewitsch TUBS Light/particle interaction at the micro and nano scale; Light emission from micro LEDs; Microlens simulation;
    Zhe Liu TUBS Lumerical FDTD; electron energy loss spectrum; plasmon mode excitation of nanoparticles